Detergents and bleaches are sources of chromium contact dermatitis in Israel

Arieh Ingber*, Bente Gammelgaard, Michael David

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Total chromium levels were determined in 38 detergents and 12 bleaches on the market in Israel (45 locally produced, 5 imported). The samples were analyzed by Zeeman-corrected graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Chromium levels were higher than 5 ppm in 28 (56%) of the 50 products, from 1 to 5 ppm in 16 (32%), and lower than 1 ppm in only 6 (12%). Among the 5 imported products, only 1 had a chromium level below 1 ppm and the other 4 (1 from Germany, 3 from the USA) had high levels. Since almost 90% of the detergents and bleaches examined contained chromium levels higher than 1 ppm, it is concluded that these consumer products may be the cause of the high incidence of chromium sensitivity in Israel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-104
Number of pages4
JournalContact Dermatitis
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998


  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Chromium in detergents and bleaches
  • Chromium sensitivity in Israel


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