Detailed magnetic investigations at the ancient Roman site Banias II (northern Israel)

Lev Eppelbaum, S. Itkis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The site of Banias II is located several hundreds of meters south of the known site Banias Aqueduct (the Golan Heights, northern Israel). The physical-geological environments of the site are unfavorable for detailed magnetic investigations: wide surface distribution of high-magnetized basaltic conglomerate and parts strongly disturbs the observed field; dense brushwood hampers the operator movement within the studied area. Magnetic observations (the total number of observation points was 6,255) were performed at about 6,000 m^2. Intervals between the observation points were 1 m, and the level of the magnetic sensor location was 0.5 m above the earth's surface. The standard deviation of the observations was 2.8 nanoTesla. The studied site was subdivided into several homogeneous areas where various averaging/smoothing procedures were applied. As a result, a few negative magnetic anomalies against the positive background due to basaltic conglomerate were clearly recognized. These anomalies were quantitatively interpreted and identified as the ancient Roman cemetery's limestone (non-magnetic) remains. This interpretation agrees with the archaeological conclusions made based on independent factors. Performed 3-D modeling of magnetic field using GSFC software has verified the validity of the developed models.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoils and Archaeology
Subtitle of host publicationPapers of the 1st International Conference on Soils and Archaeology, Százhalombatta, Hungary, 30 May - 3 June 2001: 1163 (BAR International Series)
EditorsGyörgy Füleky
PublisherBritish Archaeological Reports Oxford
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)184171531X, 978-1841715315
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003
Event1st International Conference on Soils and Archaeology - Százhalombatta, Hungary
Duration: 30 May 20013 Jun 2001
Conference number: 1

Publication series

NameBritish Archaeological Reports (BAR) International Series


Conference1st International Conference on Soils and Archaeology


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