Depressed IL-1 production by chronic GVHD dermal fibroblasts.

Y. A. Mekori*, M. Huleihel, D. Baram, R. N. Apte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chronic Graft-versus-Host disease (GVHD) is characterized by overt immunosuppression. In addition, the skin is a major anatomical site affected in chronic GVHD for reasons not yet known. Increased collagen deposition, a mononuclear cell infiltrate in the dermis as well as loss of fat and appendages, are observed in the skin. The inflammatory cytokine IL-1 was shown to affect fibroblast proliferation and secretory activities. In the present study, IL-1 generation by dermal fibroblasts, of chronic GVHD or control mice, was assessed. It was shown that two sequential signals are needed for IL-1 generation by dermal fibroblasts; priming by lymphokines/cytokines followed by a challenge with LPS. A variety of recombinant lymphokines and cytokines (G/M-CSF, IL-2, TNF, IL-1 beta and IFNs alpha, beta and gamma) were shown to be efficient in priming dermal fibroblasts for IL-1 generation. IL-1 activity in dermal fibroblasts, most probably of the IL-1 alpha species, was located in frozen-thawed cell lysates or associated to the cell membrane, though not secreted into the culture fluids. Dermal fibroblasts from chronic GVHD mice manifested a pronounced depression in IL-1 generation upon stimulation with exogenous lymphokines/cytokines and LPS. This was observed over a wide range of concentrations of lymphokines/cytokines and LPS. The depressed ability of chronic GVHD fibroblasts to generate IL-1 was pronounced even after few passages of the cells in vitro, and upon stimulation in culture outside the suppressive milieu of the animal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Cytokine Network
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Depressed IL-1 production by chronic GVHD dermal fibroblasts.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this