Dependence of state transitions on illumination time in arabidopsis and barley plants

Daria V. Vetoshkina*, Marina A. Kozuleva, Ivan I. Proskuryakov, Vasily V. Terentyev, Alexey V. Berezhnov, Ilya A. Naydov, Boris N. Ivanov, Irina B. Klenina, Maria M. Borisova-Mubarakshina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Solar energy absorbed by plants can be redistributed between photosystems in the process termed “state transitions” (ST). ST represents a reversible transition of a part of the PSII light harvesting complex (L-LHCII) between photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI) in response to the change in light spectral composition. The present work demonstrates a slower development of the state 1 to state 2 transition, i.e., L-LHCII transition from PSII to PSI, in the leaves of dicotyledonous arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) than in the leaves of monocotyledonous barley (Hordeum vulgare) plants that was assessed by the measurement of chlorophyll a fluorescence at 77 K and of chlorophyll a fluorescence at room temperature. It is known that the first step of the state 1 to state 2 transition is phosphorylation of Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 proteins; however, we detected no difference in the rate of accumulation of these phosphorylated proteins in the studied plants. Therefore, the parameters, which possibly affect the second step of this transition, i.e., the migration of L-LHCII complexes along the thylakoid membrane, were evaluated. Spin-probe EPR measurements demonstrated that the thylakoid membranes viscosity in arabidopsis was higher compared to that in barley. Moreover, confocal microscopy data evidenced the different size of chloroplasts in the leaves of the studied species being larger in arabidopsis. The obtained results suggest that the observed deference in the development of the state 1 to state 2 transition in arabidopsis and barley is caused by the slower L-LHCII migration rate in arabidopsis than in barley plants rather than by the difference in the Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Higher plants
  • Light-harvesting complexes II
  • Membrane viscosity
  • Phosphorylated proteins
  • State transitions
  • STN7 kinase


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