Dependence of renal (Na+ + K+) adenosine triphosphatase activity on thyroid status

C. S. Lo, T. R. August, U. A. Liberman, I. S. Edelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In thyroidectomized rats, a single injection of L-3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) (50 μg/100 g body weight) elicited a 45% increase in (Na+ + K+)-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (NaK-ATPase) activity of the membrane-rich fraction of renal cortex at the optimal time of response, 48 h after injection. Three successive doses of T3 (50 μg/100 g body weight), given on alternate days, increased NaK-ATPase by 67% in the renal cortex but had no significant effect on the outer medulla or the papilla. Moreover, T3 had no effect on Mg2+-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (MgATPase) in cortex, medulla, or papilla. Three doses of T3 (50 μg/100 g body weight) given on alternate days to thyroidectomized rats elicited a 134, 79, and 46% increase in Vmax for ATP, Na+, and K+, respectively. There were no changes in the Km for ATP or the K1/2 values for Na+ and K+. Two methods were used to estimate the effect of T3 on the number of NaK-ATPase units (assumed to represent the number of Na+ pump sites); rat renal plasma membrane fractions were incubated with [γ-32P]ATP, Mg2+, and Na+; the 32P-labeled membrane protein yield was quantitatively dependent on Na+ and was hydrolyzed on addition of K+. There was a linear correlation between the specific activity of NaK-ATPase (Vmax) and the amount of phosphorylated intermediate formed, in renal cortical membrane fractions from thyroidectomized rats given T3 or the diluent. There was also a linear correlation between the specific activity of NaK-ATPase (Vmax) and the amount of [3H]ouabain specifically bound (Na+, Mg2+, ATP-dependent) to the NaK-ATPase preparation. Injection of T3 resulted in a 70% increase in NaK-ATPase activity, a 79% increase in formation of the phosphorylated intermediate, and a 65% increase in the [3H]ouabain specifically bound to the NaK-ATPase system. The T3-dependent increases in Vmax for ATP, Na+, and K+ and the proportionate increases in the phosphorylated intermediate and in the amount of [3H]ouabain bound indicate that T3 increases the number of NaK-ATPase units and that this increase accounts for the increase in NaK-ATPase activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7826-7833
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume251
Issue number24
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

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