## Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate turbulence mitigation in a 200-Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) orbital-angular-momentum (OAM) mode-multiplexed system using simple power measurements for determining the modal coupling matrix. To probe and mitigate turbulence, we perform the following: (i) sequentially transmit multiple probe beams at 1550-nm wavelength each with a different combination of Laguerre–Gaussian (LG) modes; (ii) detect the power coupling of each probe beam to LG_{0,0} for determining the complex modal coupling matrix; (iii) calculate the conjugate phase of turbulence-induced spatial phase distortion; (iv) apply this conjugate phase to a spatial light modulator (SLM) at the receiver to mitigate the turbulence distortion for the 1552-nm mode-multiplexed data-carrying beams. The probe wavelength is close enough to the data wavelength such that it experiences similar turbulence, but is far enough away such that the probe beams do not affect the data beams and can all operate simultaneously. Our experimental results show that with our turbulence mitigation approach the following occur: (a) the inter-channel crosstalk is reduced by ∼25 and ∼21 dB for OAM +1 and −2 channels, respectively; (b) the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) penalty is <1 dB for both OAM channels for a bit error rate (BER) at the 7% forward error correction (FEC) limit, compared with the no turbulence case.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 3539-3542 |

Number of pages | 4 |

Journal | Optics Letters |

Volume | 47 |

Issue number | 14 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 15 Jul 2022 |