Deletion patterns of the STS gene and flanking sequences in Israeli X-linked ichthyosis patients and carriers: Analysis by polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques

Ayala Aviram-Goldring, Boleslav Goldman, Irit Netanelov-Shapira, Rakefet Chen-Shtoyerman, Alex Zvulunov, Orna Tal, T. Ilan, Leah Peleg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Deletion of the entire steroid sulfatase (STS) gene is the most common molecular defect in X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) patients. Usually, additional flanking sequences are also missing. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent of deletions in an ethnically heterogeneous population of Israeli XLI patients. Methods: Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques were applied in the analysis of blood samples of 24 patients and amniotic cells of seven affected fetuses from 22 unrelated families. Results: In 19 families, a large deletion of the 2-3 megabase was found. It included the whole STS gene and spanned adjacent areas up- and downstream between the loci DXS 1139 and DXS 1132. Two unrelated families of Iraqi ancestry had a partial deletion of the gene and its centromeric adjacent sequence. In another family, the telomeric end of the extragenic segment was only partially missing. Application of FISH on metaphase blood cells and interphase amniotic cells confirmed the diagnosis of XLI in all patients, except the three with partial intragenic deletion. In those cases, the remaining fraction of the gene was sufficient to provide a false negative result. Diagnosis of carriers and prenatal diagnosis in uncultured cells was applicable only by FISH. Conclusions: Our study revealed a remarkable heterogeneity in the deletion pattern among Israeli patients with XLI. This heterogeneity could not be attributed to specific ethnic groups because of the small size of the study group. More studies involving patients of various ancestries should be carried out. In addition, this study demonstrated the usefulness of the FISH technique in the prenatal diagnosis of fetuses with suspected XLI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-187
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Dermatology
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

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