Degrees of comparison in Hittite and Luwian1

Maria Molina*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper I analyze degrees of gradation in Hittite, looking at equative, similative, comparative, superlative, elative and excessive semantics in Hittite myths, prayers, letters and instructions, in comparison with Luwian data. The results may work towards a better understanding of degree formation in Indo-European languages, with implications for possible reconstructions of Proto-Anatolian and Proto-Indo-European. Corpus approach and contextual analysis applied to Hittite material help to extract contexts that are not explicit and might be described as pragmatic means of expressing gradation semantics. The paper aims at shedding light on the early processes in Indo-European comparative morphology, as attested in Anatolian languages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-309
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Language Relationship
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Comparative syntax
  • Corpus approach
  • Degrees of gradation
  • Historical semantics
  • Hittite language


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