A majority of existing literature on time-delay systems focus on the robust stability of a single plant with respect to a “small” delay. This paper proposes a decentralized predictor-based feedback to compensate large delays for large-scale interconnected systems. The full-state of each subsystem is assumed to be unmeasurable and the observer-based output feedback is employed. Two methods are used to tackle the large delays: the backstepping-based partial differential equation (PDE) method is employed for continuous-time control, which derives simpler linear matrix inequality (LMI) conditions and manages with larger delays, whereas the reduction-based ordinary differential equation (ODE) method is applied to sampled-data implementation under continuous-time measurement. Instead of treating the large-scale systems as a whole, a decentralized Lyapunov-Krasovskii method is presented to guarantee the exponential stability of the large-scale systems under decentralized predictors.
- Large-scale Systems
- Output feedback