Day-to-day variability of myocardial ischemic episodes in coronary artery disease

Dan Tzivoni*, Alex Gavish, Jesaia Benhorin, Shmuel Banai, Andre Keren, Shlomo Stern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Twenty patients with chronic stable angina pectoris, proved coronary artery disease, positive treadmill stress test response, and at least 2 episodes of ischemia per day underwent 72 hours of Hotter monitoring during daily activities. During this period they had 389 ischemic episodes: 104 (27%) symptomatic and 285 (73%) silent. Marked variability was observed between patients in the number of ischemic episodes (range 2 to 15 per day, mean 6.5), duration of ischemia (range 6 to 419 minutes/day, mean 76.5), maximal ST depression (range 1 to 6 mm, mean 3.4) and heart rate at the beginning of ST depression (range 75 to 105 beat/min, mean 91). The day-to-day variability in individual patients between the different days in the number of ischemic episodes was 36%, in duration 51%, and in maximal degree of ST depression 31%. Only 9% variability was noted in heart rate at the beginning of ST depression. Similar day-to-day variability in individual patients was noted in the symptomatic and silent episodes. For clinical purposes of evaluation of ischemia during daily activities, 1 day of monitoring appears to be sufficient because within the first day, 78% of the maximal number of ischemic episodes, 64% of their duration, and 84% of the maximal degree of ST depression were detected. However, for evaluation of anti-ischemic drugs at least 2 monitoring days are required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1005
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume60
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1987
Externally publishedYes

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