Day 5 vitrified blastocyst transfer versus day 6 vitrified blastocyst transfer in oocyte donation program

G. M. Yerushalmi, T. Shavit, S. Avraham*, M. Youngster, A. Kedem, I. Gat, U. S. Dorofeyeva, S. Mashiach, E. Schiff, A. Shulman, D. S. Seidman, A. Wiser, E. Maman, A. Hourvitz, M. Baum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The superiority of day 5 blastocysts compared to day 6 blastocysts in fresh cycle transfers was previously demonstrated and attributed mainly to endometrial asynchrony. Data from frozen blastocysts transfers showed conflicting results, possibly due to heterogeneous patient population and embryo quality. The aim of this study was to compare clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and live birth rate (LBR) between transfers of vitrified day 5 blastocysts and day 6 blastocysts in oocyte donation, blastocyst-only cycles. In a retrospective, multi-center study, with a single oocyte donation program, a total of 1840 frozen embryo transfers (FET’s) were analyzed, including 1180 day 5 blastocysts and 660 day 6 blastocysts transfers. Day 5 blastocyst transfers had better embryonic development and significantly higher CPRs (34.24% vs. 20.15%, P < 0.0001), higher LBRs (26.89% vs. 14.77%, P < 0.0001), less cycles to LBR (1.83 ± 0.08 vs. 2.39 ± 0.18, P = 0.003) and shorter time to LBRs (76.32 ± 8.7 vs. 123.24 ± 19.1 days, P = 0.01), compared to day 6 transfers, respectively. A multivariate stepwise logistic regression indicated, that day 5 transfer was an independent factor for CPRs (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.43–2.54, P < 0.001) and LBRs (OR 2.26; 95% CI 1.19–4.28, P = 0.01), regardless of embryo quality, compared to day 6. In conclusion, day 5 blastocysts in oocyte donation program have significantly higher CPRs and LBRs, and present shorter time to delivery, compared to day 6 blastocysts, regardless of embryo quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10715
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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