A series of twenty‐three linear and branched chain mono acetylene lipids were isolated from the Caribbean Sea sponge Cribrochalina vasculum. Seventeen of the compounds, 1–17, are new, while six, 18–23, were previously characterized from the same sponge. Some of the new acetylene‐ 3‐hydroxy alkanes 1, 6, 7, 8, 10 were tested for selective cytotoxicity in non‐small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells over WI‐38 normal diploid lung fibroblasts. Compound 7, presented clear tumor selective activity while, 1 and 8, showed selectivity at lower doses and 6 and 10, were not active to-wards NSCLC cells at all. The earlier reported selective cytotoxicity of some acetylene‐3‐hydroxy alkanes (scal‐18 and 23), in NSCLC cells and/or other tumor cell types were also confirmed for 19, 20 and 22. To further study the structure activity relationships (SAR) of this group of compounds, we synthesized several derivatives of acetylene‐3‐hydroxy alkanes, rac‐18, scal‐S‐18, R‐18, rac‐27, rac‐32, R‐32, S‐32, rac‐33, rac‐41, rac‐42, rac‐43, rac‐45, rac‐48 and rac‐49, along with other 3‐substi-tuted derivatives, rac‐35, rac‐36, rac‐37, rac‐38, rac‐39 and rac‐40, and assessed their cytotoxic activity against NSCLC cells and diploid fibroblasts. SAR studies revealed that the alcohol moiety at position 3 and its absolute R configuration both were essential for the tumor cell line selective activity while for its cytotoxic magnitude the alkyl chain length and branching were of less significance.
- Cribrochalina vasculum
- natural product
- non‐small cell lung carcinoma