Cytomegalovirus-negative kidney transplant recipients are at an increased risk for malignancy after kidney transplantation

Benaya Rozen-Zvi, Shelly Lichtenberg, Hefziba Green, Ori Cohen, Avry Chagnac, Eytan Mor, Ruth Rahamimov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The effect of cytomegalovirus (CMV) serology status on malignancy risk in kidney transplanted patients is not clear yet. Methods: In a nested case–control study, CMV serology status was compared between patients with a malignancy and 2:1 matched control patients without a malignancy. In a cohort study, the hazard of malignancy was compared between patients that were CMV-negative but had a CMV-positive donor and other patients, using Cox analysis. Results: Fifty-two of 599 patients transplanted in our center between 2001 and 2014 developed a malignancy. Nine (17.3%) of the 52 patients that developed cancer were CMV-negative but had a-CMV-positive donor compared with 6 (5.8%) of the 104 matched control patients (odd ratio 3.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15–10.2, P=.021). By univariate Cox model, there was a trend toward increased cancer risk in CMV-negative patients with a positive donor (hazard ratio [HR] 1.95, 95% CI 0.95–4.0, P=.07), but after adjusting for multiple covariates, CMV-negative status was significantly associated with increased risk of cancer (HR 2.55, 95% CI 1.23–5.26; P=.012). Conclusions: CMV-negative patients that had a CMV-positive donor were found to have a higher risk of malignancy after kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-985
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • cytomegalovirus
  • kidney transplantation
  • malignancy


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