Cytokine production in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Ronit Weizman, Netaniel Laor, Yerachmiel Barber, Haggai Hermesh, Ida Notti, Meir Djaldetti, Hanna Bessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cytokine production was previously demonstrated to be reduced in untreated major affective patients. In addition, recovery from depression following clomipramine (CMI) treatment was accompanied by the restoration of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-3-like activity (IL-3-LA) to normal range. In the present study we assessed the in vitro production of IL-1β, IL-2, and IL-3-LA by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in 11 nondepressed patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) before and after 8 weeks of CMI treatment. Results were compared with those of 11 healthy subjects. CMI treatment induced a significant improvement in OCD symptoms. No alteration was observed in cytokine production in OCD patients before treatment as compared to control subjects. Moreover, 8 weeks of drug treatment had no effect on cytokine production. In conclusion, OCD per se, as well as CMI treatment, have no effect on interleukin production as measured in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-912
Number of pages5
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clomipramine
  • Interleukin-1β
  • Interleukin-2
  • Interleukin-3-like activity
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder

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