Cytochrome oxidation in bacterial photosynthesis

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In this paper we propose that the reduction of the bacteriochlorophyl dimer cation (P+) by cytochrome c in the photosynthetic bacteria Rps. viridis and Chromatium vinosum proceeds via two parallel electron transfer (ET) processes from two distinct cytochrome c molecules. The dominating ET process at high temperatures involves the activated oxidation of the high-potential cytochrome c at closest proximity to P, while the dominating low-temperature process involves activationless ET from a low-potential cytochrome c, which is further away from P. The available data for the effects of blocking the low-potential cytochrome c on ET dynamics are consistent with this model, which results in reasonable nuclear reorganization and electronic coupling parameters for the parallel cytochrome oxidation processes. The lack of universality in the cytochrome oxidation in reaction centres of various bacteria is emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalPhotosynthesis Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1989


  • Bacterial photosynthesis
  • Cytochrome C
  • Electron transfer


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