Chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) is a complication of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of this study was to clinically characterize childhood cutaneous cGVHD. A retrospective study of children treated with HSCT at 2 tertiary medical centres in Israel between 2011 and 2014 was performed. A total of 112 children were included. Cutaneous cGVHD developed in 18% of subjects. Risk factors were older age, HSCT from peripheral blood and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. The eruption was lichenoid in 90% of subjects, of whom one-third progressed to sclerosis. Topical treatments were usually sufficient in localized disease. Widespread eruption necessitated phototherapy, extracorporeal photopheresis and/or systemic immunosuppressants. Patients presenting with palmoplantar keratoderma, developed sclerosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study describing childhood cutaneous cGV-HD. Lichenoid eruption is the most common cutaneous pattern of cGVHD in children. Sclerotic changes may be associated with prior keratoderma. cGVHD poses a therapeutic challenge and better treatments should be sought.
- Allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation
- Chronic cutaneous graft versus host disease
- Graft versus host disease