Current status of immunological monitoring in the renal allograft recipient

W. C. Waltzer*, M. Shabtai, K. Malinowski, F. T. Rapaport

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


With the appropriate combined use of different immune monitoring techniques, it is possible to derive sensitive diagnostic parameters for the transplant surgeon. However, the core biopsy or cytological examination of the graft continues to represent the gold standard for evaluating the specificity and sensitivity of these methods. With the development of newer monoclonal antibodies and a better understanding of the impact of immune processes on the behavior of various activation linked. T cell associated surface antigens, one may be able to secure further valuable information, with enhanced diagnostic and prognostic accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1070-1076
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • immunology
  • kidney transplantation
  • transplantation, homologous


Dive into the research topics of 'Current status of immunological monitoring in the renal allograft recipient'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this