Current recommendations on the role of diet in the aetiology and management of IBD

Konstantinos Gerasimidis*, Lihi Godny, Rotem Sigall-Boneh, Vaios Svolos, Catherine Wall, Emma Halmos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Diet is a key modifier of risk of inflammatory bowel disease development and potentially a treatment option in patients with established disease. International organisations in gastroenterology and inflammatory bowel disease have published guidelines for the role of diet in disease onset and its management. Here, we discuss the major overarching themes arising from these guidelines and appraise recent literature on the role of diet for inflammatory bowel disease prevention, treatment of active disease and maintenance of remission, considering these themes. Except for exclusive enteral nutrition in active Crohn's disease, we currently possess very little evidence to make any further dietary recommendations for the management of inflammatory bowel disease. There is also currently uncertainty on the extrapolation of epidemiological dietary signals on risk of disease development and preclinical experiments in animal models to management, once disease is established. Until high-quality evidence from clinical research becomes available, the only specific recommendations for inflammatory bowel disease we might safely give are those of healthy eating which apply for the general population for overall health and well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalFrontline Gastroenterology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • diet
  • dietary fibre
  • inflammatory bowel disease


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