CT-guided thrombolytic treatment of patients with wake-up strokes

Carmel Armon*, Jochay Wainstein, Aviv Gour, Ronen Levite, Avigail Bartal, Angela Kriboushay, Gilad Kenan, Fikri Khiri, Evelina Shevtzov, Rina Aroesty, Sarah Bhonkar, Sigal Tal, Eduard Ilgiyaev, Alex Blatt, Zoya Haitov, Samuel Bar-Hayim, Itzhak Kimiagar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Observational studies of thrombolysis outcomes in wake-up acute ischemic stroke patients selected based on non-contrast brain CT criteria suggested that treated patients did as well as or better than those not treated, after adjustment for baseline characteristics. We began offering thrombolytic treatment (IVTPA) to patients presenting with wake-up strokes and normal non-contrast brain CTs, who could be treated within 4.5 h of being found. Design/methods: A retrospective chart review was performed in patients presenting with AIS between November 2014 and December 2017 who received IVTPA. A planned subgroup analysis compared patients with wake-up strokes and normal non-contrast brain CTs to patients with witnessed stroke treated within 4.5 h of being found, or of witnessed onset, respectively. Results: Three hundred and six patients were treated, 279 with witnessed-onset and 27 with wake-up strokes. The latter were not candidates for endovascular intervention. Efficacy and safety were similar in both groups. Discharges home, respectively, were 143(53%) and 13(48%); facility discharges were 112(40.1%) and 11(40.7%) and in-hospital mortality was 19 (6.8%) and 3 (11%). Treatment-related symptomatic bleeds were: 5(1.8%) and 1 (3.7%), respectively. Conclusions: The findings affirm, in a new clinical series reflecting routine practice, that it is safe to treat with IVTPA patients with wake-up strokes and a normal brain CT scan, who are not candidates for endovascular intervention. We hypothesize, that when the non-contrast brain CT scan is normal, it may be safe to extend beyond 4.5 h the IVTPA treatment eligibility window in similar patients with witnessed-onset stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournaleNeurologicalSci
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Efficacy
  • Outcomes
  • Parallel cohorts
  • Safety
  • Thrombolytic treatment
  • Wake-up strokes

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