Cross-national comparisons of the prevalence of gambling, problem gambling in young people and the role of accessibility in higher risk gambling: A study of Australia, Canada, Croatia and Israel

Belle Gavriel-Fried*, Paul Delfabbro, Neven Ricijas, Dora Dodig Hundric, Jeffrey L. Derevensky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Countries with public policies that support gambling through gambling legislation foster an environment in which gambling is socially accepted, tacitly encouraged and actively promoted. Although gambling worldwide has features in common, countries differ in terms of the nature of their gambling markets. The current study examined the role of perceived gambling accessibility in gambling behaviors and problem gambling in four different countries: Australia, Canada, Croatia and Israel. A convenience sample comprised 1787 university students aged 18–30. Gambling behaviors and problems were found to be more prevalent and gambling was perceived to be more accessible in liberalized markets (e.g. Australia, Canada and Croatia) as compared to Israel which is relatively more conservative and has more restrictive regulations. Social accessibility was perceived to be higher in those who gambled and associated with higher risk gambling, especially for women. The study highlights the potentially important role of social normalization of gambling and how supply variations can influence perceptions as well as impact gambling behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6990-7001
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Psychology
Volume42
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
AGRI
Channel 7 Children’s Foundation
Department of Consumer Affairs
Gambling Commission
Gambling Research Australia
IAGR
Independent Gambling Authority
International Olympic Committee, Mental Health Task Force
International Research Institute for Gambling and Gaming
Marsden Fund Council
National Association for State and Provincial Lotteries
National Collegiate Athletic Association’s Sports Wagering Task Force
National Council on Problem Gambling
RGT
Research Foundation - Flanders
University of British Columbia Gambling Research Center
VRGF
National Science Foundation
New Zealand Government
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Australian Research Council
National Health and Medical Research Council
Australian Institute of Criminology
University of Newcastle Australia
Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg
Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek

    Keywords

    • Accessibility
    • Gambling behaviors
    • Liberal gambling markets

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