Cranial transposition and revascularization of autologous omentum: a novel surgical technique for resection of recurrent glioblastoma multiforme

Omer Doron, Tom Chen, Tamika Wong, Amy Tucker, Peter Costantino, Robert Andrews, David J. Langer, John Boockvar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients continue to suffer a poor prognosis. The blood brain barrier (BBB) comprises one of the obstacles for therapy, creating a barrier that decreases the bioavailability of chemotherapeutic agents in the central nervous system. Previously, a vascularized temporoparietal fascial scalp flap (TPFF) lining the resection cavity was introduced in a trial conducted in our institution, in newly-diagnosed GBM patients in an attempt to bypass the BBB after initial resection. In this paper, we report on a new technique to bypass the BBB after re-resection and potentially to allow tumor antigens to be surveilled by the immune system. The study aims to assess the feasibility of performing a cranial transposition and revascularization of autologous omentum after re-resection of GBM. Laparoscopically harvested omental free flap was transposed to the resection cavity by a team consisting of neurosurgeons, otolaryngologists, and general surgeons. This was done as part of a single center, single arm, open-label, phase I study. Autologous abdominal omental tissue was harvested laparoscopically on its vascularized pedicle in 2 patients, transposed as a free flap, revascularized using external carotid artery, and carefully laid into the tumor resection cavity. Patients did well postoperatively returning to baseline activities. Graft viability was confirmed by cerebral angiogram. Omental cranial transposition of a laparoscopically harvested, vascularized flap, into the cavity of re-resected GBM patients is feasible and safe in the short term. Further studies are needed to ascertain whether such technique can improve progression free survival and overall survival in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2481-2487
Number of pages7
JournalNeurosurgical Review
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Blood brain barrier
  • High grade glioma
  • Milky spots
  • Omental cranial free flap transposition
  • Recurrent glioblastoma multiforme
  • Revascularization
  • Temporoparietal fascial flap

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