A criterion to predict crack onset at a sharp notch in homogeneous brittle materials has been presented in a previous paper of one of the authors. It is reviewed and improved herein. It fulfils both the energy and the strength criteria and takes an Irwin-like form involving the generalized intensity factor of the singularity governing the elastic behaviour in the vicinity of a notch tip. The prediction agrees fairly well with the experiments although it slightly underestimates the experimental measures. A cause of this discrepancy can be that a small notch tip radius blunts the sharp corner. It is analysed in this paper by means of matched asymptotics involving 2 small parameters: a micro-crack increment length and the notch tip radius. A correction is brought to the initial prediction and a better agreement is obtained with experiments on PMMA notched specimens. Experiments performed on a stiffer material (Alumina/Zirconia) show that it is less sensitive to small notch tip radii. A remaining small discrepancy between experiments and predictions can be due to some non linear behaviour of the materials near the notch tip. In addition, without new developments, the method allows to determine the stress intensity factor at the tip of a short crack emanating from a sharp or a rounded v-notch.
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||International Journal of Fracture|
|State||Published - Jul 2003|
- Brittle fracture