Coxiella burnetii infection of an aortic graft: Surgical view and a word of caution

Georgios P. Georghiou*, Rafael Hirsch, Bernardo Vidne, Ehud Raanani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A 30-year-old-man presented with an aortic graft infection. Polymerase chain reaction study identified the infectious organism as Coxiella burnetii, a strictly intracellular pathogen that causes Q fever in humans. The patient was successfully treated by removal of the infected graft, implantation of homograft aortic tube, and specific antibiotic therapy. He is doing well after 6 months, with no evidence of recurrent homograft infection on transthoracic echocardiography. C. burnetii vascular graft infections may be underdiagnosed because of lack of recognition. We suggest that serologic tests for C. burnetii be routinely performed in the presence of unexplained febrile illness or pain in patients with a history of underlying vascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-335
Number of pages3
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2004


  • Aortic graft
  • Coxiella burnetii
  • Infection
  • Q fever


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