Abstract

Background: Complications under anticoagulant treatment in patients with COVID-19-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) have not been consistently reported. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the 90-day rates of VTE recurrences and major bleeding in patients with COVID-19-associated VTE versus those with VTE without COVID-19. Methods: We used the RIETE registry to compare the 3-month outcomes in patients with COVID-19-associated VTE versus those with VTE without COVID-19. Results: The study included 1,747 patients with COVID-19-associated VTE and 8,711 with VTE without COVID-19. Patients with COVID-19-associated VTE were more likely to be hospitalized at baseline and to present with pulmonary embolism. During the first 90 days, 123 patients (1.17%) developed VTE recurrences, and 266 (2.54%) experienced major bleeding. Patients with COVID-19-associated VTE had a similar rate of VTE recurrences (0.9% vs 1.2%) but a higher rate of major bleeding (4.6% vs 2.1%; P <.001) than those without COVID-19. Multivariable analysis adjusted for competing risks showed that patients with COVID-19-associated VTE had an increased risk of major bleeding (subhazard ratio, 1.395; 95% confidence interval, 1.037-1.877). The 30-day mortality after major bleeding was 26.3% in patients with COVID-19-associated VTE and 17.7% in those without COVID-19. Conclusion: Patients with COVID-19-associated VTE had a 5-fold higher rate of major bleeding than VTE recurrences during the first 90 days of anticoagulation. In VTE patients without COVID-19, both rates were similar. These findings highlight the importance of carefully monitoring and optimizing anticoagulation in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102206
JournalResearch and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
S&H Medical Science Service

    Keywords

    • COVID-19
    • anticoagulants
    • hemorrhage
    • pulmonary embolism
    • venous thromboembolism

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