CO2 laser welding of corneal cuts with albumin solder using radiometric temperature control

Eyal Strassmann, Eitan Livny, Nino Loya, Noam Kariv, Avi Ravid, Abraham Katzir, Dan D. Gaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Purpose: To examine the efficacy and reproducibility of CO2 laser soldering of corneal cuts using real-time infrared fiber-optic radiometric control of tissue temperature in bovine eyes (in vitro) and to evaluate the duration of this procedure in rabbit eyes (in vivo). Methods: In vitro experiment: a 6-mm central perforating cut was induced in 40 fresh bovine eyes and sealed with a CO2 laser, with or without albumin soldering, following placement of a single approximating nylon suture. A fiber-optic radiometric temperature control system for the CO2 laser was used. Leaking pressure and histological findings were analyzed and compared between groups. In vivo experiment: following creation of a central perforation, 6 rabbit eyes were treated with a CO2 laser with albumin solder and 6 rabbit eyes were treated with 10-0 nylon sutures. The amount of time needed for completion of the procedures was compared. Results: In vitro experiment: effective sealing was achieved by CO2 laser soldering. Mean (± SD) leaking pressure was 109 ± 30 mm Hg in the bovine corneas treated by the laser with albumin solder compared to 51 ± 7 mm Hg in the sutured control eyes (n = 10 each; p < 0.001). Mean leaking pressures were much lower in the corneal cuts sealed only with the laser without albumin solder (48 ± 12 mm Hg) and in the cuts sealed only with albumin without laser welding (6.3 ± 4 mm Hg) than in the cuts treated with laser welding and albumin solder. In vivo experiment: mean surgical time was 140 ± 17 s in the laser-treated rabbits compared to 330 ± 30 s in the sutured controls (n = 6; p < 0.001). A histopathological study of the rabbit corneas 1 day after laser soldering revealed sealed corneal edges with a small gap bridged by coagulated albumin. The inflammatory reaction was minimal in contrast to the sutured controls. No thermal damage was detected at the wound edges. Conclusions: CO2 laser soldering combined with the fiber-optic radiometer is an effective, reliable, and rapid tool for the closure of corneal wounds, and holds advantages over conventional suturing in terms of leaking pressure and surgical time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • CO laser
  • Controlled temperature welding
  • Corneal laser soldering
  • Fiber-optic radiometry
  • Infrared fibers
  • Leaking pressures


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