Among the diverse and manifold risk factors for suicidal behavior, several stress personality characteristics stand out as being important for both fatal and non-fatal suicidality. The first cluster of traits seems to revolve around narcissism and perfectionism. These individuals appear to have depression related to self-criticism and are unable to tolerate failure or imperfection. Many of these subjects seem to be quite successful in their lives and their suicides often come as a total surprise. A second cluster of traits related to suicidal behavior seems to center around impulsive aggression. These individuals appear to be highly sensitive to minor life events, which cause them to become anxious and angry and then depressed. Finally there is a group of suicidal individuals in whom suicide appears to be related to psychopathology, characterized by depressive symptomatology of an "anaclitic" type, hopelessness, helplessness and a feeling that they are over-whelmed by their psychiatric illness.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Personality constellations in suicidal behavior
|Number of pages
|Published - Mar 2004
- Personality constellations
- Psychiatric risk factors
- Suicidal behavior