Cortical Reorganization following Injury Early in Life

Moran Artzi, Shelly Irene Shiran, Maya Weinstein, Vicki Myers, Ricardo Tarrasch, Mitchell Schertz, Aviva Fattal-Valevski, Elka Miller, Andrew M. Gordon, Dido Green, Dafna Ben Bashat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The brain has a remarkable capacity for reorganization following injury, especially during the first years of life. Knowledge of structural reorganization and its consequences following perinatal injury is sparse. Here we studied changes in brain tissue volume, morphology, perfusion, and integrity in children with hemiplegia compared to typically developing children, using MRI. Children with hemiplegia demonstrated reduced total cerebral volume, with increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and reduced total white matter volumes, with no differences in total gray matter volume, compared to typically developing children. An increase in cortical thickness at the hemisphere contralateral to the lesion (CLH) was detected in motor and language areas, which may reflect compensation for the gray matter loss in the lesion area or retention of ipsilateral pathways. In addition, reduced cortical thickness, perfusion, and surface area were detected in limbic areas. Increased CSF volume and precentral cortical thickness and reduced white matter volume were correlated with worse motor performance. Brain reorganization of the gray matter within the CLH, while not necessarily indicating better outcome, is suggested as a response to neuronal deficits following injury early in life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8615872
JournalNeural Plasticity
Volume2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cortical Reorganization following Injury Early in Life'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this