Introduction. Hypophosphatemia may prolong ventilation and induce weaning failure. Some studies have associated hypophosphatemia with increased mortality. Starting or restarting nutrition in a critically ill patient may be associated with refeeding syndrome and hypophosphatemia. The correlation between nutrition, mechanical ventilation, and hypophosphatemia has not yet been fully elucidated. Methods. A retrospective cohort study of 825 admissions during two consecutive years was conducted. Using the electronic medical chart, demographic and clinical data were obtained. Hypophosphatemia was defined as a phosphate level below 2.5 mg/dL (0.81 mmol/L) in the first 72 h of ICU admission. Comparisons between baseline characteristics and outcomes and multivariate analysis were performed. Results. A total of 324 (39.27%) patients had hypophosphatemia during the first 72 h of ICU admission. Patients with hypophosphatemia tended to be younger, with lower APACHE-II, SOFA24, and ∆SOFA scores. They had a longer length of stay and length of ventilation, more prevalent prolonged ventilation, and decreased mortality. Their energy deficit was lower. There was no effect of hypophosphatemia severity on these results. In multivariate analysis, hypophosphatemia was not found to be statistically significant either with respect to mortality or survivor’s length of ventilation, but lower average daily energy deficit and SOFA24 were found to be statistically significant with respect to survivor’s length of ventilation. Conclusion. Hypophosphatemia had no effect on mortality or length of ventilation. Lower average daily energy deficit is associated with a longer survivor’s length of ventilation.
- Energy deficit
- Length of ventilation (LOV)