Correlation of SARS-CoV-2-breakthrough infections to time-from-vaccine

Barak Mizrahi, Roni Lotan, Nir Kalkstein, Asaf Peretz, Galit Perez, Amir Ben-Tov, Gabriel Chodick, Sivan Gazit, Tal Patalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The short-term effectiveness of a two-dose regimen of the BioNTech/Pfizer mRNA BNT162b2 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine was widely demonstrated. However, long term effectiveness is still unknown. Leveraging the centralized computerized database of Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), we assessed the correlation between time-from-vaccine and incidence of breakthrough infection between June 1 and July 27, the date of analysis. After controlling for potential confounders as age and comorbidities, we found a significant 1.51 fold (95% CI, 1.38–1.66) increased risk for infection for early vaccinees compared to those vaccinated later that was similar across all ages groups. The increased risk reached 2.26- fold (95% CI, 1.80–3.01) when comparing those who were vaccinated in January to those vaccinated in April. This preliminary finding of vaccine waning as a factor of time from vaccince should prompt further investigations into long-term protection against different strains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6379
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021


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