Correlation and overlapping between nuchal translucency and triple test among Down syndrome-affected pregnancies

Arie Herman*, Eliezer Dreazen, Yosef Tovbin, Orit Reish, Ian Bukovsky, Ron Maymon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To examine the correlation and extent of overlapping between first-trimester nuchal translucency (NT) and second-trimester triple test (TT) results in Down syndrome (DS)-affected pregnancies. Methods: Results of both tests were obtained in 28 cases with DS. Inter-test correlation was performed by comparing the likelihood ratios (LRs). Screen-positive rates (risk >1:380) were calculated for different age groups by adjusting age-dependent background risk and tests' LRs. Overlapping referred to ratio between screen-positive cases by both tests simultaneously and total screen-positive cases by either one or both tests. Results: No correlation was found between the tests' LRs (Pearson correlation test, r = 0.0487). The overlapping between the tests was 25% and 38.5% among young patients of 20 and 35 years of age, respectively. The average overlapping among patients between 25 and 35 years of age was ∼33%. Only 3 of the 28 DS cases demonstrated LRs <1 by both tests and moreover none exhibited LRs <0.2 by both tests. Conclusions: The degree of overlapping of one third, between NT and TT, confirms the assumption that both tests utilized together improves DS detection. Screen-negative result, by both tests simultaneously, may reassure low-risk population and aid to reduce the number of non-indicated invasive tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalFetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003


  • Down syndrome
  • Nuchal translucency
  • Overlapping between
  • Triple test


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