Correlates of suicide and violence risk in an inpatient population: Coping styles and social support

Moshe Kotler, Graciela Finkelstein, Avi Molcho, Alexander J. Botsis, Robert Plutchik, Serena Lynn Brown, Herman M. van Praag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Forty-six suicidal psychiatric inpatients were compared with 44 nonsuicidal psychiatric inpatients on measures of suicide risk, violence risk, impulsivity, feelings of anger, social support, and eight coping styles. The two groups were similar on demographic variables, but the suicidal patients were higher on the suicide risk scale, the violence risk scale, the impulsivity scale, and feelings of anger. Suicidal patients were significantly less likely to use the coping style of minimization to deal with life problems. A negative correlation was found between the social support measure and both suicide risk and violence risk. Three coping styles were found to correlate negatively with violence risk, but none with suicide risk. Coping styles were found to be a better predictor of violence risk than of suicide risk. It was also found that the more variables included in the predictor equation, the higher the correlation with the risk measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-290
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Impulsivity
  • aggression
  • depression
  • psychiatric inpatients

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