Correlates of Early Dental Implant Failure: A Retrospective Study

Ayelet Aviva Basson, Jonathan Mann, Mordechai Findler, Gabriel Chodick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: To examine whether patient-level disease diagnoses, drug treatments, and dental clinical factors are correlates of early implant failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical, nested case-control study used electronic medical records to retrieve patient-level data on individuals with implant failure occurring up to 6 months after implantation, including demographics, clinical information (number, location, and complicated status of implants), underlying diseases (osteoporosis, diabetes, hypertension, inflammatory bowel disease [IBD], myocardial infarction [MI]), and drug purchases (chemotherapy, bisphosphonates, selective serotonin inhibitors, antihypertensive medications, proton pump inhibitors [PPIs], disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, corticosteroids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) among adult members of a large, state-mandated health provider in Israel between 2015 and 2020. Individuals with implant extraction occurring up to 6 months after implantation were matched 1:1 to controls. Univariate and adjusted multivariate conditional logistic regression models were used to examine the odds ratios (ORs) of all dental implant risk factors among the patients. RESULTS: A total of 585 individuals with implant failure (mean age, 53 years [42,62], 51.3% females and 49.7% males) were identified among 29,378 eligible patients. Compared to controls, patients who experienced implant failure (ie, cases) were more likely to have smoked in their lifetime (18% vs 11.5%, P = .009), experienced IBD (1.5% vs 0.02%, P = .059), and consumed PPIs within 6 months of the implant surgery (40.0% vs 32.5%, P = .028). Clinical factors, including the number of implants per person (individuals with two implants, OR = 1.53; individuals with at least four implants, OR = 3.33; P < .01), location of implant (maxilla; OR = 1.59; 95% CI: 1.2-2.04), and smoking (OR = 1.57; 95% CI: 1.09-2.26) were significant correlates of early implant failure among the included cases. Crohn's disease, MI, and osteoporosis were found to be borderline significant correlates of early dental implant failure. CONCLUSIONS: Among the factors examined, the number of implants, the location of implants, and smoking history were significant correlates of early implant failure, while Crohn's disease, MI, and osteoporosis were found to not be significant. Larger patient-level studies are needed to examine the individual and combined effects of diseases, medications, and clinical factors on early implant failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-906
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
Issue number5
StatePublished - 17 Oct 2023


  • Crohn's disease
  • dental implant failure
  • maxillary implants
  • myocardial infarction
  • osteoporosis
  • smoking


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