Correcting motion artifacts in mri scans using a deep neural network with automatic motion timing detection

Michael Rotman*, Rafi Brada, Israel Beniaminy, Sangtae Ahn, Christopher J. Hardy, Lior Wolf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Motion artefacts created by patient motion during an MRI scan occur frequently in practice, often rendering the scans clinically unusable and requiring a re-scan. While many methods have been employed to ameliorate the effects of patient motion, these often fall short in practice. In this paper we propose a novel method for detecting and timing patient motion during an MR scan and correcting for the motion artefacts using a deep neural network. The deep neural network contains two input branches that discriminate between patient poses using the motion's timing. The first branch receives a subset of the k-space data collected during a single dominant patient pose, and the second branch receives the remaining part of the collected k-space data. The proposed method can be applied to artefacts generated by multiple movements of the patient. Furthermore, it can be used to correct motion for the case where k-space has been under-sampled to shorten the scan time, as is common when using methods such as parallel imaging or compressed sensing. Experimental results on both simulated and real MRI data show the efficacy of our approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2021
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditorsHilde Bosmans, Wei Zhao, Lifeng Yu
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510640191
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
EventMedical Imaging 2021: Physics of Medical Imaging - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 15 Feb 202119 Feb 2021

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume11595
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2021: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period15/02/2119/02/21

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Motion correction
  • Mri.

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