Corrected and Republished from: Activation status-coupled transient S-acylation determines membrane partitioning of a plant Rho-related GTPase

Nadav Sorek, Limor Poraty, Hasana Sternberg, Ella Buriakovsky, Einat Bar, Efraim Lewinsohn, Shaul Yalovsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

ROPs or RACs are plant Rho-related GTPases implicated in the regulation of a multitude of signaling pathways that function at the plasma membrane via posttranslational lipid modifications. The relationships between ROP activation status and membrane localization has not been established. Here, we show that endogenous ROPs, as well as a transgenic His6-green fluorescent protein (GFP)-Arabidopsis thaliana ROP6 (AtROP6) fusion protein, were partitioned between Triton X-100- soluble and -insoluble membranes. In contrast, the His6-GFP-Atrop6CA activated mutant accumulated exclusively in detergent-resistant membranes. GDP induced accumulation of ROPs in Triton-soluble membranes, whereas GTPγS induced accumulation of ROPs in detergent-resistant membranes. Recombinant wild-type and constitutively active AtROP6 proteins were purified from Arabidopsis plants, and in turn, their lipids were cleaved and analyzed by gas chromatography-coupled mass spectrometry. In Tritonsoluble membranes, the wild-type AtROP6 was only prenylated, primarily by geranylgeranyl. The activated AtROP6 that accumulated in detergent-resistant membranes was modified by prenyl and acyl lipids, identified as palmitic and stearic acids. Consistently, activated His6-GFP-Atrop6CAmS156, in which C156 was mutated into serine, accumulated in Triton-soluble membranes. These findings show that upon GTP binding and activation, AtROP6, and possibly other ROPs, are transiently S-acylated, inducing their partitioning into detergent-resistant membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00333-17
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume37
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

Funding

FundersFunder number
German-Israel Science FoundationGIF 834/2005
Israel Academy of Sciences-Revson FoundationISF 399/03
Academy of Leisure SciencesISF 827/15

    Keywords

    • Arabidopsis
    • Detergent-resistant membrane
    • Lipid rafts
    • Palmitoylation
    • Prenylation
    • ROP
    • Rac
    • S-acylation

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Corrected and Republished from: Activation status-coupled transient S-acylation determines membrane partitioning of a plant Rho-related GTPase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this