OBJECTIVE: Assessment of safety and efficacy of coronary stent deployment, without balloon predilatation. BACKGROUND: With newer high- performance balloon-premounted stents it has become more common to attempt coronary stent deployment without balloon pre- or postdilatation. METHODS: During 1998 524 coronary angioplasties were performed in the authors' institute, of which 279 resulted in coronary stenting. Of these 101 (36.2%) were stents without balloon predilatation (SWBP). PTCA was performed according to standard technique using mostly 7 F. guiding catheters, and 'rapid exchange' balloons and premounted stents. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients had acute coronary syndromes (41 acute MI or post-MI angina, 28 unstable angina, 10 rescue PTCA after failed thrombolysis). Mean age was 56.4 ± 11.1 years, 84.5% were males. Sixty per cent of the lesions were ACC-AHA type B2 or C. Target arteries were LAD 57.6%, LCX 21.2%, RCA 14.1% and SVG 7.1%. Procedure time was 18.2 ± 17.3 minutes. Mean heparin dose was 3850 ± 1570 units. Twenty-two patients received abciximab prior to stent deployment. Seven stents were not deployed without previous balloon dilatation and were retrieved safely via the guiding catheters and deployed after balloon dilatation. There was no stent embolization, ectopic suboptimal or partial stent deployment. Immediate angiographic success was obtained in 95 patients (94.1%). Minimal lumin diameter (MLD) increased from 0.27 ± 0.15 to 3.23 ± 2.1 mm. There were two in-hospital deaths (1.9%) due to cardiogenic shock. An intra-aortic balloon pump was required in eight patients. Two patients (1.9%) experienced subacute stent thrombosis. CONCLUSION: SWBP in selective groups of patients and lesions is feasible and safe. Larger randomized comparative trials are needed to assess the benefits and cost saving of this approach.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiovascular Interventions|
|State||Published - 1999|
- Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)