Coronary stent deployment without predilation in acute myocardial infarction: A feasible, safe, and effective technique

Itzhak Herz, Abid Assali, Alejandro Solodky, Nurit Shor, Tuvia Ben-Gal, Yehuda Adler, Yochai Birnbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Direct percutaneous transcatheter revascularization (PTCR) is becoming an acceptable therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Stenting in the setting of AMI, once considered contraindicated, is emerging as a suitable option in this situation. Coronary stenting without predilation (SWOP) may potentially shorten the procedure and radiation time, reduce costs, and decrease procedural complications such as coronary dissection and distal embolization. It is expected to cause less vascular injury, with a reduction in the rate of in-stent restenosis. In this preliminary study the authors evaluated the feasibility of the SWOP procedure in 22 selected patients with AMI. Indications for catheter-based myocardial reperfusion were the following: extensive anterior wall MI (68%), inferior wall and right ventricular MI (23%), and inferior wall MI with contraindication for thrombolytic therapy (9%). Patients with cardiogenic shock or with contraindications for aspirin or ticlopidine were excluded. SWOP was successful in 21 attempts (95%), and final procedural success was achieved in all. Proximal or distal dissections were seen in three cases and were treated by additional three stents. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow 3 was restored in all patients. There were no distal embolizations, side branch occlusions, coronary perforations, procedure-related emergency bypass operations, or deaths. It is concluded that in selected patients with AMI, coronary artery stenting without predilation is feasible and safe and does not introduce additional risk to the patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-908
Number of pages8
JournalAngiology
Volume50
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1999

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