Coronary bifurcation lesions: To stent one branch or both?

Abid R. Assali, Igal Teplitsky, David Hasdai, Eldad Rechavia, Alejandro Solodky, Ofer Sela, Nader Butto, Nurit Shor, Shmuel Fuchs, Alexander Battler, Ran Kornowski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate two different stent placement techniques for bifurcation lesions: 1) stenting of the main branch and balloon dilatation of the sidebranch versus 2) stenting of both branches. Background. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of coronary bifurcation lesions remains challenging, and limited information is available regarding whether stent placement is necessary in both branches of the bifurcation using bare-metal stents. Methods. We prospectively followed all patients who underwent PCI for symptomatic bifurcation lesions at our center. All patients were carefully followed for subsequent clinical events. Results. Between March 2001 and November 2002, a total of 50 patients were treated with either stenting of both vessels (double stent group; n = 32) or stenting of the parent vessel and balloon angioplasty of the sidebranch (single stent group; n = 18). Optimal angiographic success was 87.5% in the single stent group and 100% in the double stent group (p = 0.1). The post-procedure percent diameter stenosis of the sidebranch vessel was significantly higher in the single stent group (18 ± 25% versus 4 ± 8%; p = 0.005). At 6 months, the incidence of clinically driven repeat target lesion revascularization was 37.6% with 2 stents as compared to 5.6% using 1 stent (p = 0.01). Angiographic restenosis was documented in 40.6% using 2 bifurcation stents, as compared to 11% when using 1 stent (p = 0.05). By multivariable analysis adjusted for baseline differences, stenting the sidebranch was a borderline predictor for major adverse cardiac events at 6 months (odds ratio = 10.3; 95% confidence interval, 0.9-116; p = 0.053). Conclusion. For the treatment of true bifurcation lesions, a strategy of stenting both vessels using bare metal stents seems to be associated with worse long-term results, as compared to stenting only the parent vessel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-450
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • Bifurcation lesion
  • Restenosis
  • Stent


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