Coronary artery bypass without cardiopulmonary bypass: Analysis of short-term and mid-term outcome in 220 patients

Yaron Moshkovitz, Ayala Lusky, Rephael Mohr

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Two hundred twenty patients, preferentially those with high-risk conditions, underwent coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass. Early unfavorable outcome events included operative mortality (7 patients, 3.2%), nonfatal perioperative myocardial infarction (6 patients, 2.7%), cerebrovascular accident (1 patient, 0.4%), and sternal infection (3 patients, 1.4%). There were two deaths (13%) among 15 patients with calcified aorta and four (12%) in 33 patients who underwent emergency operation. Multivariate analysis revealed these two risk factors to be the only predictors of early mortality (odds ratios, 8.0 and 9.8, respectively). Preoperative risk factors such as left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction ≤35%) (40 patients, 18%), congestive heart failure (46 patients, 21%), acute myocardial infarction (59 patients, 27%), cardiogenic shock (7 patients, 3%), age 70 years or older (59 patients, 27%), renal failure (19 patients, 9%), and cerebrovascular accident and carotid disease (11 patients, 5%) were not found to be major predictors of early mortality or unfavorable outcome. During 12 months of follow-up (range 1 to 21 months), there were four cardiac and three noncardiac deaths (1-year actuarial survival 93%) and 17 cases (7.7%) of early return of angina. Calcified aorta, nonuse of the internal mammary artery, reoperation, and diabetes mellitus were independent predictors of unfavorable events. We conclude that coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass can be done with relatively low operative mortality, although there seems to be an increased risk for early return of angina. This procedure should therefore be considered for patients with appropriate coronary anatomy, in whom cardiopulmonary bypass poses a high risk. This procedure is still hazardous with calcified aorta or emergency operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-987
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number4 PART 1
StatePublished - Oct 1995


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