Corneal pseudoectasia: a case series

Alexander Chorny*, Assaf Gershoni, Ori Mahler, Nir Sorkin, Yoav Nahum, Ruti Sella, Irit Bahar, Eitan Livny

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To raise awareness of conditions that can tomographically mimic corneal ectasia and describe the actions required to avoid misdiagnosis. Methods: We report a retrospective case series of seven patients presenting at two tertiary care centers in Israel with a presumed diagnosis of keratoconus or post-refractive ectasia. Upon further examination, the ectasia diagnosis was reconsidered and eventually ruled out. Results: Included were ten eyes of seven patients. Cases included bilateral diffuse Salzmann’s nodular degeneration, ophthalmoplegia with strabismus which precluded proper fixation during the acquisition of tomography images, two cases of incorrect Pentacam parameter settings, a patient with a history of hyperopic laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) treatment in one eye and myopic LASIK in the fellow eye, a case of old post-photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) stromal haze, and a patient with posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy. Conclusions: Tomography patterns mimicking corneal ectasia can appear in patients without ectatic pathology. The comprehensive ophthalmologist should be aware of such cases as they may substantially alter the treatment course and prognosis of these patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024


  • Ectasia
  • Keratoconus
  • Pseudoectasia
  • Tomography


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