This study assessed the psychological consequences of body handling in the aftermath of terror attacks on 87 ZAKA volunteers and the implications of coping in attenuating the detrimental effects of prolonged exposure to terror. Subjects reported a low sense of danger and considerable self-efficacy. Only two participants (2.3 percent) met symptom criteria for PTSD, and 16 (18.4 percent) met criteria for sub-clinical posttraumatic disorder. Several possible explanations for the resilience of subjects are altruistic and religious rewards, respect and admiration from society and a tendency for sensation seeking.
- Body handling
- Psychological terror