This study examined the relationships of problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping, on the one hand, and psychopathology profile (SCL-90 subscales) after participation in a war, on the other. The sample consisted of 139 Israeli soldiers who participated in the 1982 Lebanon War and were followed up 3 yr after their participation in combat. Statistical analyses revealed that a pervasive use of emotion-focused coping was generally found to be related with the presence of psychiatric symptoms. In addition, it was found that a high level of problem-focused coping moderated the detrimental effects of emotion-focused coping on mental health. Results were discussed in terms of Lazarus and Folkman's theory of stress and coping.