Coping strategies of Ethiopian immigrants in Israel: Association with PTSD and dissociation

Michal Finklestein, Avital Laufer, Zahava Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the relations between coping strategies, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and dissociation among Jewish Ethiopian refugees in Israel (following exposure to pre-, peri- and post-migration stressful events). Method: A random sample (N=478) of three waves of refugees took part in the research (N=165; N=169; N=144). Religiosity, coping strategies, stressful and traumatic events, pre- and peri- migration, post-migration difficulties, posttraumatic symptoms, and dissociation were assessed. Results: A significant relationship was found between PTSD symptoms and avoidance coping over and above immigration wave and traumatic events. Dissociation was positively associated with passivity and antisocial coping and negatively associated with social joining and level of religiosity, over and above immigration wave and traumatic events. The findings are discussed in the light of the coping strategies employed by Ethiopian refugees.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-498
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Coping strategies
  • Dissociation
  • Ethiopian refugees
  • Immigration
  • PTSD

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