Recent realization of Bose-Einstein condensation of light in 2D provides a new platform for studying novel phases and phase transitions. The combination of low effective mass of the confined light and the presence of the dye molecules with randomly oriented directions of the dipolar transition engages a competition between disorder and the tendency to forming algebraic off-diagonal order. The phase diagram of possible phases is constructed at the mean field level. One of the phases is the condensate of photon pairs induced solely by the orientational disorder. Such a geometrical mechanism of pairing has no analogy in other systems.
- Phase transitions
- Symmetry breaking