Synaptic response to regular stimulation of midbrain and bulbar locomotor sites (LS) and a pontine inhibitory site (IS) was recorded in medial and lateral bulbar neurons in cats (mesencephalic decerebellate preparation). Excitatory post-synaptic potentials (PSP) and discharges were usually noted in medial neurons; mixed PSP also occurred when stimulating the IS. Almost 50% of lateral and over 25% of medial neurons showed a change in background firing rate, failing to generate response time-locked to stimulus. Medial neurons producing a response time-locked to the stimulus showed equal sensitivity to stimulation of midbrain and bulbar LT and very little reaction to IS stimulation. Medial neurons with a response not time-locked to stimuli together with lateral neurons were most receptive to input from the bulbar LS, less sensitive to stimulation of the midbrain LS, and least responsive of all to IS stimulation. Convergence between influences from midbrain and bulbar LS was the same in neurons of all populations. The part played by different neuronal populations in initiation and cessation of locomotion is discussed.