Contribution of the familial and genetic factors on monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 variation in healthy human pedigrees

I. Pantsulaia, S. Trofimov, E. Kobyliansky, G. Livshits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a chemokine whose circulating levels have been detected in the lesions of several diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis and atherosclerosis. However, the factors involved in the regulation of its production remain largely unknown. The main aim of the present paper was to ascertain the contribution of the familial/genetic factors on the production of MCP-1 in apparently healthy individuals. We also tested the possible relationships between the plasma levels of MCP-1 and other cytokines involved in bone metabolism (receptor activator NF-kB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), interleukin-6, macrophage-colony stimulating factor, tumor necrosis factor-α). Using ELISA assays the cytokine levels were measured in 570 apparently healthy individuals belonging to ethnically homogeneous Caucasian families. We found that MCP-1 levels were significantly (P < 0.01) correlated with RANKL (in both sexes) and with OPG only in women. The study showed that adjusted for potential covariates, 72% of the MCP-1 variance, was attributable to familial effects. About 49% was due to potential genetic factors and the rest was explained by common environmental sources shared by spouses within each family. In conclusion, our data provide reliable evidence for the substantial role of genetic factors in the determination of the phenotypic variability of MCP-1 plasma levels. The association between the osteoclastogenic cytokines and MCP-1 levels in healthy pedigrees is of special interest and might shed light on MCP-1 involvement in bone remodeling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalCytokine
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Circulating levels
  • Heritability
  • Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • Receptor activator NF-kB ligand

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