Introduction: The ratio of contrast media volume to glomerular filtration rate (contrast/GFR) has been shown to correlate with the occurrence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in unselected patient populations who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Objective: We evaluated the possible utilization of this marker and optimal cutoff among ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary PCI. Methods: We retrospectively included 419 patients with STEMI treated with primary PCI. The occurrence of CI-AKI was defined by the KDIGO criteria as an increase in serum creatinine of ≥0.3 mg/dL within 48 h following PCI. A receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the optimal cutoff value of contrast/GFR ratio to predict CI-AKI. This value was then assessed using multivariable logistic regression. Results: The overall incidence of CI-AKI was 9%. The contrast/GFR ratio was significantly higher among patients with CI-AKI (2.7 ± 1.2 vs. 1.9 ± 0.9; p < 0.001). According to the ROC curve analysis, the optimal cutoff value of contrast/GFR ratio to predict AKI was measured as ≥2.13, with 70% sensitivity and 60% specificity (AUC 0.65, 95% CI 0.56-0.74; p = 0.002). In a multivariate logistic regression model, contrast/GFR ratio ≥2.13 was independently associated with CI-AKI (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.09-5.57; p = 0.03). Conclusions: Among STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI, contrast/GFR ratio ≥2.13 was independently associated with CI-AKI.
- Acute renal injury
- Contrast volume
- Glomerular filtration rate
- ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction