Contour Changes Following Implant Placement and Concomitant Soft Tissue Augmentation Applying a Volume-Stable Collagen Matrix

Zvi Artzi*, Uri Renert, Miha Pirc, Erez Netanely, Daniel S. Thoma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess volumetric and linear changes of buccal mucosal thickness at implant sites following soft tissue augmentation with a volume-stable collagen matrix (VCMX). Soft tissue augmentation using a VCMX was performed in 12 patients at the time of implant placement. Hydrocolloid impressions were taken prior to surgery and at 1 and 6 months postsurgery. Stone cast models were scanned, and stereolithography (STL) files from the three time points were uploaded to an image-analysis software. At all time points, linear and volumetric measurements of the contour changes up to 3 mm apical to the mucosal margin were performed and were analyzed statistically. At 1 mm apical to the mucosal margin, the change in soft tissue thickness between presurgery (T1) and 1 month (T2) amounted to 0.21 ± 1.22 mm, and the change between T1 and 6 months (T3) was 0.08 ± 1.47 mm. At 3 mm apical to the mucosal margin, the change in soft tissue thickness was 1.92 ± 1.70 mm between T1 and T2 and 0.31 ± 1.26 mm between T1 and T3. Contour (volumetric) changes revealed an increase of 0.58 ± 0.73 mm between T1 and T2 and an overall gain of 0.55 ± 0.73 mm between T1 and T3. Soft tissue augmentation with VCMX increased the ridge profile. The increase in ridge width was greater at 3 mm below the ridge crest than at 1 mm below the ridge crest. Remodeling processes during healing showed a decrease in the ridge contour between 1 and 6 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-522
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Funding

FundersFunder number
Geistlich Pharma

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Contour Changes Following Implant Placement and Concomitant Soft Tissue Augmentation Applying a Volume-Stable Collagen Matrix'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this