Continuous positive airway pressure with deep inspiration breath hold in left-sided breast radiation therapy

Jensen Reckhow, Orit Kaidar-Person*, Merav A. Ben-David, Anna Ostrovski, Dina Ilinsky, Jeffrey Goldstein, Zvi Symon, Shira Galper

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A dosimetric study to evaluate the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), with free-breathing (CPAP-FB) or with deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH-CPAP) an adjunct and alternative to DIBH to reduce heart and lung dose in the radiation therapy (RT) of breast cancer planned for left side RT with regional nodes and internal mammary. A retrospective analysis of 10 left-sided breast cancer patients whose heart or lung dose constraints were not met after RT planning based on FB or DIBH simulations and were referred for CPAP-based planning. All patients were simulated using FB, DIBH, CPAP-FB, and CPAP-DIBH. Treatment plans were calculated to cover the breast/chest wall and regional nodes using tangential field-in-field technique (FiF). Dose-volume parameters for heart, ipsilateral lung, and contralateral breast were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. For all RT plans, mean heart dose (Gy) was lower for treatment plans with CPAP: CPAP-FB (mean 3.4 vs 7.4, p = 0.001) and CPAP-DIBH (mean 2.5 vs 7.4, p = 0.006) compared to FB alone. CPAP-DIBH also significantly reduced MHD as compared to DIBH alone (mean 2.5 vs 4.3 Gy, p = 0.013). CPAP-DIBH significantly reduced mean lung dose as compared to both FB (mean 14.4 vs 20.1, p = 0.005) and DIBH alone (mean 14.4 vs 17.4, p = 0.007). Eight of 10 patients did not meet ipsilateral lung V20Gy dose constraints (≥35% of lung receiving 20 Gy) in either the free breathing or DIBH plans, whereas 8 out of 10 met lung V20Gy goal constraints (≤30% of lung receiving 20 Gy) in the CPAP-DIBH plans. Based on the outcomes of our study, CPAP could be a strategy for reducing lung and heart dose, both in patients not able to execute DIBH and as an adjunct in those not deriving sufficient dose reduction from DIBH alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Dosimetry
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Parasol Foundation

    Keywords

    • Breast cancer
    • Continuous positive airway pressure
    • Deep inspiration breath hold

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