Constructivist methods: A plea and manifesto for pluralism

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My aim in this article is to improve the methodology of the modernist constructivist approach and to provide a more coherent, rigid, and systematic constructivist framework for research. I do this by combining the methods of process tracing, discourse analysis, and counterfactuals. In addition, I aim to provide clearer methodological criteria for the evaluation of constructivist research by modifying some of the positivist criteria and adding the criterion of contextual validity. I assert that a more coherent methodology will strengthen and improve constructivist study and may contribute to better communication between constructivist and positivist scholars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-218
Number of pages24
JournalReview of International Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


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