Constraint programming for solving various assembly line balancing problems

Yossi Bukchin*, Tal Raviv

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, the constraint programming (CP) approach is applied for the simple assembly line balancing problem (SALBP) as well as some of its generalizations. CP is a rich modeling language that enables the formulation of general combinatorial problems and is coupled with a strong set of solution methods that are available through general purpose solvers. The proposed formulations are conversions of well-known mixed integer programming (MILP) formulations to CP, along with a new set of constraints that helps the CP solver to converge faster. As a generic solution method, we compare its performance with the best known generic MILP formulations and show that it consistently outperforms MILP for medium to large problem instances. A comparison with SALOME, a well-known custom-made algorithm for solving the SALBP-1, shows that both approaches are capable of efficiently solving problems with up to 100 tasks. When 1000-task problems are concerned, SALOME provides better performance; however, CP can provide relatively good close to optimal solutions for multiple combinations of problem parameters. Finally, the generality of the CP approach is demonstrated by some adaptations of the proposed formulation to other variants of the assembly line balancing problem including the U-shaped assembly line balancing problem and the task assignment and equipment selection problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalOmega (United Kingdom)
StatePublished - Jul 2018


  • Assembly line balancing
  • Branch & bound (B&B)
  • Constraint programming (CP)
  • Mixed-integer linear programming (MILP)


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